In India, significant developments in the use of computers have taken place in the industrial and the commercial sectors. Computers have wide application in these fields. The computer, with its versatility, accelerates one’s ability to solve many problems related to teaching, research and administration that are encountered in higher education. This study was undertaken in order to sketch the current state of computer penetration, its use, application and its impact on higher education.
One of the foremost formal courses for computer science in the country was started by the Indian Statistical Institute in 1962. In the late 60’s IIT ‘s (Bombay and Madras) introduced computer courses as elective under electrical engineering. Till early 70s computer courses were offered as a part of an engineering curriculum. Late it was imparted as a specialization course in only national institutions like IIT’s, and IISREC, that too in limited areas, computer hardware and software. In the 80s, courses on computer science, engineering and applications were introduced in several universities and institution with the encouragement and support of the central and state governments. At present there are following types of computer courses:
- Certificate Courses in Programming
- Diploma in Computer Application
- Bachelor in Computer Application (BCA)
- Master in Computer Application (MCA)
But today, Online MCA and Online BCA Course are in most demand at university level. There are more than 300 degree level colleges in the north eastern region, where Distance learning MBA
and MCA Programs and other computer courses can be started in order to generate manpower of professional level for joining IT-enabled services and also undertaking higher education.
During the meeting information technology infrastructure North-East was discussed in detail, especially the main requirement to IT industry in the region. Software technology Park, IT Park are basically 100 per cent EOU for undertaking software development work using the high speed data communication link for physical export (electronic and software) of professional services – or consultancy services/development of software.
Computer engineers though are mostly involved in IT industries, they are gaining more in demand in other industries viz., banking, and airlines, public utilities, manufacturing sector etc., as industry are becoming more technology oriented and computerized.
Computing professionals might find themselves in a variety of environments in academics, research, industry, government, private and business organization-analyzing problems for solutions, formulating and testing, using advanced communications or multi-media equipment, or working in teams for product development. Here’s a short list of research and vocational areas in computing.